Tawadros II: the 118th pope of Egypt's Coptic Church

CAIRO- Bishop Tawadros, a trained pharmacist who headed a medicine factory, was chosen Sunday as the 118th pope to lead Egypt's Coptic Church on the same day he celebrated his 60th birthday.
Born Wagih Sobhy Bakky Suleiman in the delta region of Mansura, the new pope will head the largest Christian minority in the Middle East under the name Tawadros II.

Tawadros II: the 118th pope of Egypt's Coptic Church
But he faces an uncertain time for his flock in the Arab world's most populous country which overthrew strongman Hosni Mubarak in 2011 and this year elected Islamist President Mohamed Morsi.
The rise of Islamists after the revolution that ousted Mubarak has sparked fears among Copts of persecution at home, despite Morsi's repeated promises to be a president "for all Egyptians".
Tawadros' official biography stresses his wish for good relations with Muslims, saying he has "asked the media to accentuate common values between the two religions to avoid extremism and consolidate national unity."
Sameh Makram Ebeid, a liberal former MP who is a Copt, said Tawadros will succeed in making the Church "younger and more open" -- notably because he is 28 years younger than his predecessor, who died aged 88.
Many Coptic youths took part in protests against Mubarak, with whom Tawadros' predecessor Shenuda III, who died in March, had excellent relations.
Tawadros also advocates further unity between Egypt's Copts, estimated at between six and 10 percent of the country's 83-million population, and those from the diaspora whose leaders have often been more outspoken against abuses suffered by the Christians in Egypt.
Sectarian attacks against Christians have increased, and dozens were killed in violence over the past two years.
Shenuda III had beseeched Christians to be patient in confronting sectarian strife, but many have cast doubt on such calls for restraint as the attacks multiplied.
Born on November 4, 1952, the new pope earned a degree in pharmacy from the University of Alexandria in 1975 and headed a state-run pharmaceutical factory until 1986.
During his youth, he received a scholarship from Britain's International Health Institute.
The new pope obtained a clerical degree in 1985 and was made a monk in 1988 at Saint Bishoy monastery in Wadi Natrun, northeast of Cairo. In 1997 he was consecrated bishop.
Tawadros II worked with the powerful Bishop Pachomius, who was appointed acting head of the church after the death Shenuda III.
Noted for his knowledge of theology, he favours a more pastoral role for the Church and rarely involves himself in political matters.
He will be formally consecrated Pope of Alexandria and Patriarch of All Africa in the Holy See of St Mark the Apostle at a ceremony on November 18.

Tuesday, November 6th 2012

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