Violence in Libya since Kadhafi overthrow

TRIPOLI, LIBYA- Key events during the turmoil after Libyan dictator Moamer Kadhafi was toppled in October 2011:
-- 2011 --
- October 20: Kadhafi is captured and killed while trying to flee Sirte, his home town and the last major city to fall nine months after NATO-backed rebels rose up against his regime.

- October 23: The former rebel National Transitional Council (NTC) declares Libya's "total liberation" and says more than 30,000 people were killed in the conflict.
-- 2012 --
- February - June: The new authorities struggle to control a plethora of rival ex-rebel militias. Tribal clashes leave hundreds dead in Kufra in February, Sebha in the south in March, and Zintan in the west in June.
- May 8: Security forces repel armed demonstrators who attack government headquarters in Tripoli. On June 4, a militia of ex-rebels seize the runway of Tripoli airport.
- July 7: Libyans vote for the first time to elect a national assembly, named the General National Congress (GNC). A coalition of small liberal parties emerges victorious, while the Muslim Brotherhood comes second.
- August 8: The NTC hands power to the new assembly, led by Mohamed al-Megaryef.
- September 11: Ambassador Chris Stevens and three other Americans killed in an attack on the US consulate in Libya's second city Benghazi.
-- 2013 --
- Late July: Libyan oil exports plunge after protesting guards force the closure of shipping terminals. Authorities regain full control only a year later.
-- 2014 --
- March 2: Protesters storm the GNC, attack lawmakers and go on the rampage.
- March 11: The Congress selects Abdullah al-Thani as prime minister.
- May 16: Forces loyal to rogue general Khalifa Haftar attack powerful Islamist groups in Benghazi. After accusing Haftar of attempting a coup, the authorities later give him support.
- Late August: After weeks of fierce fighting with nationalist rivals from the town of Zintan, Fajr Libya (Libya Dawn) a mainly Islamist alliance, seizes the capital and creates a rival Islamist administration, known as the General National Congress. Benghazi had fallen in July into the hands of the militias.
Thani's interim government takes refuge in the east of the country. The parliament also operates out of eastern Libya for security reasons.
- October 18: Thani says military forces have united to try to recapture Tripoli and Benghazi from Islamist militias.

Thursday, October 23rd 2014

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